Oregon grape is an evergreen shrub that spreads by suckering, with an upright growing habit that gets 3-6ft tall and 5ft wide; although, it can be trained to grow higher with pruning. The Oregon grape is noted for its yellow flowers in spring and edible blueish black berries that ripen in late summer. Pinnately compound; each compound leaf (10” long) has 5-9 spiny, oblong leaflets (each leaflet is 3” long). New foliage will emerge red hued in the spring and will mature to glossy, dark green by summer. Foliage gains purplish tinges in fall and eventually turns to a burgundy-bronze color by winter. In cold areas these plants can suffer from winter burn. Bright yellow flowers (2.5” long) bloom on stalks in April, flowers are mildly fragrant; following the flowers are edible berries that ripen to blue-black by early fall. Berries are sour raw but make good jellies and are attractive to birds. There are some species that can grow sun, but most will want some afternoon shade.


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